PARC National Turtle Networking Team

What’s New?

In the fall of 2020 PARC TNT united with the Collaborative to Combat the Illegal Trade in Turtles (CCITT). By joining forces, the two groups hope to efficiently grow partnerships confronting the illegal trade throughout North America, specifically supporting state, tribal, and federal staff. Learn more about the CCITT here.

In May of 2020 PARC TNT worked with the Collaborative to Combat the Illegal Trade in Turtles (CCITT), the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), and the Wildlife Trafficking Alliance (WTA) to write and circulate a Call to Action to Protect North America’s Native Turtles from Illegal Collection. This letter was intended to galvanize support within the conservation community for coordinated efforts to address threats to North American turtles. You can read the full Call to Action Letter here.

The Mission of PARC’s Turtle Networking Team

To facilitate and guide action through public-private partnerships to conserve native, North American turtle populations.

Key Objectives of the PARC’s Turtle Networking Team

  1. Identify greatest issues and concerns related to the understanding and management of native, North American turtle populations.
  2. Coordinate and develop partnerships, strategies, and tools to address broad-scale, North American turtle conservation issues.
  3. Provide a centralized online location where turtle conservation outreach products, resources, and contacts are available.

A Wildlife-trafficking Crisis Close to Home: Native Turtles Need Our Help

Turtles have endured on Earth since the days of dinosaurs. But today many turtle populations in the U.S. are experiencing dramatic declines due to interacting threats: habitat loss, climate change, and car strikes when crossing roads. 

The most alarming threat to turtles may be one we cannot easily see. Law enforcement officials have reported a dramatic rise in illegal shipments of U.S. native freshwater turtles and tortoises at major ports across the country, destined for both foreign and domestic markets.

While we don’t know how many turtles we are losing to the illegal trade, we do know that every turtle counts. Biologically, turtles are more vulnerable to illegal collection than most other wildlife: adult turtles often have to reproduce for their entire lives to ensure just one hatchling survives to adulthood. And it takes years, sometimes decades, for turtles to reach reproductive age, if they make it at all. Most fall victim to predators, like birds and fish, before they mature.

That means when people take individual turtles, they put entire populations at risk. Some people take hundreds, even thousands, driven by demand in the U.S. and abroad for exotic pets.

Our turtles are special, and irreplaceable. The U.S. is home to a greater number of turtle species than any other individual country— many live only here. That’s why conservation partners are working together to address turtle trafficking through the Collaborative to Combat the Illegal Trade in Turtles. But we need your help too.

  • Learn ways you can help protect turtles 
  • Share information about helping turtles with others using our outreach toolkit
  • Read more about this issue, and what conservation partners are doing to address it

Six Things You Can Do to Help Protect Native Turtles

1. Report suspicious activity

If you suspect someone is illegally collecting or selling wild turtles, call the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s tip line (1–844-FWS-TIPS) or consult this webpage to find your state wildlife agency’s law enforcement phone number. The US. Fish and Wildlife Service is authorized to pay rewards for information or assistance that leads to an arrest, a criminal conviction, civil penalty assessment, or forfeiture of seized property.

Learn more about what to look for.

2. Help turtles cross roads

If it’s safe for you to do so, escort turtles across the road in the direction they are already heading. 

Don’t ever take a turtle home, or move it to a different location. The turtle is better off in the habitat it’s accustomed to, with the friends (and enemies) it already knows. 

If you find an injured turtle, call your local animal control office, humane society, or veterinarian for help finding a certified wildlife rehabilitator.

3. Don’t share turtle locations online

It can be exciting to see turtles in the wild, and to share your discovery. But before you take a photo of a turtle in the wild, turn off the geolocation on your phone. If you post a photo of a turtle on social media, don’t include information about where you found it. Poachers use location information to target sites. 

If you want help identifying a turtle you saw in the wild, reach out to a local nature center or your state wildlife agency.

4. Do your homework before buying a turtle

Familiarize yourself with state and national laws regarding the possession of domestic and wild turtle species where you live. 

Consider the responsibility that comes with keeping a pet turtle. Because turtles are long lived animals – some live 50 years or more – they will require specialized care for decades. 

If you are committed to a turtle, don’t shop, adopt. There is no way to be 100-percent certain a dealer is operating ethically, and there may be unwanted turtles in local shelters that need homes.

5. Don’t release pets

If you are no longer able to care for a pet turtle, don’t release it into the wild. It could transmit harmful diseases to wild populations, or outcompete native species. 

Bring your pet turtle to an animal shelter, or consult your state wildlife agency or a wildlife rehabilitation center for help finding a new home for the animal.

6. Love turtles by protecting their homes

Learn what turtle species are native to your community. Visit zoos, nature centers, and refuges to find out about conservation efforts. 

There may be opportunities to volunteer, or ways you can support native turtle habitat in your community or on your land. Clean up efforts in parks, woods, and along waterways are one simple way to help many kinds of wildlife.

Outreach Toolkit

Educational Resources

Use these activities to teach students about threats to turtles, and how they can help:

Find more educational activity ideas in Rhode Island’s Scales and Slimes activity kit. 

Social Media 

Share on social media:

Suggested hashtags:
#everyturtlecounts, #buyinformed, #keepturtleswild, #turtleconservation

Infographics and Brochures

Print out these infographics to distribute or post:


Read more about the native turtle trafficking crisis, and what partners are doing to address it:

National Turtle Networking Team Co-Chairs

Cristina A. Jones, National Turtle Networking Team Co-Chair
Cristina A. Jones

Cristina A. Jones, Arizona: Cristina’s lifelong interest in reptiles was cultivated through the numerous hiking and camping trips throughout Arizona where her parents taught her that wildlife is wondrous and worthy of study. Her passion with turtles was ignited when she encountered her first Sonoran Desert tortoise on a hike at age four and began her fascination with natural history and conservation of desert reptiles. Cristina earned her B.S. in wildlife science and M.S. in wildlife ecology at the University of Arizona. For her M.S. thesis research, she evaluated the prevalence of Mycoplasma agassizii in wild and captive Sonoran desert tortoises in Arizona. Cristina held the position of Turtles Project Coordinator with the Arizona Game and Fish Department from 2006 – 2021, where she led multiple inter-agency/inter-organizational working groups, and collaborated with turtle biologists and citizen scientists within Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (PARC), Desert Tortoise Council, and the Turtle Survival Alliance Foundation to identify, coordinate, and conduct priority research and implement conservation actions for turtles in Arizona and the southwest. In 2021, Cristina accepted a position as a Biologist with the US Fish and Wildlife Service within the Southwest Region. She serves as a Project Manager and leads Species Status Assessment Teams to gather, analyze, and report on the best available scientific information for use in making decisions on whether or not a species warrants listing protection under the Endangered Species Act. Cristina is a co-chair and founding member of Southwest PARC, a co-founder and co-chair for the PARC Turtle Networking Team. In addition, she serves as a Board Member at Large and chair of the Training Committee for the Desert Tortoise Council, a Board Member of the Turtle Survival Alliance Foundation, on TSA’s Field Conservation Committee, and as program co-chair for the annual Symposium on Conservation and Biology Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles. Her professional goal is to maintain a position in wildlife conservation and management which utilizes her knowledge, leadership, organizational skills, and enthusiasm to encourage and promote innovative ideas to assure the survival of viable populations of native turtle species throughout their range.

Noelle Rayman-Metcalf, National Turtle Networking Team Co-Chair
Noelle Rayman-Metcalf

Noelle Rayman-Metcalf is an Endangered Species Biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s New York Field Office in Cortland.  She has been with the Service since 2007, and her primary duties involve working on recovery of Threatened and Endangered Species and conducting environmental reviews of development projects throughout most of New York State.  Most notably, she is the recovery lead for the northern population of bog turtle.  Noelle received her Master’s degree in biology at Buffalo State College in 2010.

Questions can be sent to: