PARCAS: Priority Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Areas

Amphibians and reptiles are experiencing exceptional declines, with habitat loss and fragmentation among the leading threats to both groups. Furthermore, municipalities, land trusts, land managers and large land owners are increasingly seeking guidance in identifying discrete areas of the landscape that provide exceptional biodiversity value. In response, PARC developed the Priority Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Areas (PARCAs) project. Download the PARCAs criteria and implementation plan here!

PARCAs are a nonregulatory designation whose purpose is to raise public awareness and spark voluntary action by landowners and conservation partners to benefit amphibians and/or reptiles. Areas are nominated using scientific criteria and expert review, drawing on the concepts of species rarity, richness, regional responsibility, and landscape integrity. Modeled in part after the Important Bird Areas program developed by BirdLife International, PARCAs are intended to be coordinated nationally but implemented locally at state or regional scales.

Importantly, PARCAs are not designed to compete with existing landscape biodiversity initiatives, but to complement them – providing an additional spatially explicit layer for conservation consideration.

Learn more about PARCAs by visiting the PARCAs page.

Timber Rattlesnake Conservation Action Plan

Timber Rattlesnake Conservation Action PlanPARC is pleased to announce that The Timber Rattlesnake: Life History, Distribution, Status, and Conservation Action Plan is now available for purchase at:

This plan was developed by a team of more than seventy-five concerned rattlesnake biologists from federal and state agencies, universities, and private institutions, as well as environmental consultants and private citizens. The approximately 475-page book is divided into two parts and contains more than 250 images from 90 photographers and more than 40 maps. Part I of the document presents an overview of the life history, genetics, ecology, distribution, status, and threats to the continued existence of Timber Rattlesnakes from a range-wide perspective along with recommendations for conducting population assessments. Part II of the document presents the legal status, distribution, population status, habitat needs, active period, threats, and management actions for Timber Rattlesnakes on a state-by-state (or province by-province) basis. The information provided in this plan can serve as a reference for landowners, land managers, and government agencies at all levels to enable them to develop science-based management and conservation plans for Timber Rattlesnake populations and protect habitats for which they have responsibility. The guidance provided in this plan will also be of value to environmental consultants as they develop recommendations for developers, and to researchers who endeavor to fill in gaps in our knowledge concerning the species’ distribution and ecology.

Habitat Management Guidelines

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and loss are collectively considered to be the primary challenge in the conservation of amphibians and reptiles (i.e., herpetofauna). With herpetofaunal populations declining, and human populations expanding and using more land, PARC has developed a series of regionally specific best management practices, or Habitat Management Guidelines (HMGs) to provide proactive guidance for improving the compatibility of land management practices with these animals.

PARC has published a series of guidelines to help manage for reptiles and amphibians.

Learn more about Habitat Management Guidelines.

PARC Inventory and Monitoring Guide

PARC completed a comprehensive guide to inventory and monitoring of amphibians and reptiles in North America!

Inventory and Monitoring: Recommended Techniques for Reptiles and Amphibians, with application to the United States and Canada

Editors: Gabrielle J. Graeter, Kurt A. Buhlmann, Lucas R. Wilkinson, and J. Whitfield Gibbons

The PARC Inventory and Monitoring: Recommended Techniques for Reptiles and Amphibians book provides an excellent resource for biologists, land managers, consultants, and particularly those who are non-herpetologists, to understand the animals in their geographic area of interest. This project has been supported by the US Forest Service and the Department of Defense, which allows us to make the book available at a low cost ($50) with any proceeds returned directly to amphibian and reptile conservation efforts via our funds managing partner, the Amphibian & Reptile Conservancy.

Learn more about the PARC Inventory and Monitoring Guide.

PARC Annual Reports

2016 PARC Annual ReportEach year PARC publishes an annual report to highlight its progress and accomplishments. Find out more and download reports on the Annual Reports page.

PARC 10-Year Brochure

2009 marked the 10th anniversary of Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation.

Click here to download our 10-year anniversary commemorative brochure.

PARC Educational Materials

Wetland Restoration and Construction – A Technical Guide

By Thomas R. Biebighauser

This book is a comprehensive information source for professionals of all backgrounds and levels of expertise who are designing or constructing wetlands. It is a great resource that explains the “why” part for all the components important to wetland restoration, including locating a wetland, hydrology, aquatic habitat, soils, vegetation, and construction techniques.

The Wetland Trust in partnership with the Upper Susquehanna Coalition, Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (PARC), and the Center for Wetlands and Stream Restoration published the book. Individuals may visit to take advantage of the introductory price of only $15.50 per copy, which also includes postage.

Wetland Related Publications

Conservation Related Publications

Snake Brochures

Diamondback Terrapin Publication